The development of a complete functional requirements analysis is the foundation for a successful smart parking project. Unfortunately, many smart parking projects miss requirements and have gaps in four different areas.
These gaps can cause significant issues for parking authorities if not uncovered early in a project lifecycle.
Smart Parking Pilot projects are generally limited to one type of parking. This may be a parking lot or a street-level parking solution. Rarely do they include all types of parking facilities.
Below are a few of the shortfalls:
A Smart Parking system must enable the Parking Integration value step with the following capabilities:
If these use cases are not considered when doing a Smart Parking project, the solution may need to be replaced. Parking Integration provides one source of data that can be used by external organizations and app developers in the production of integrated parking applications. Additionally, in-car solutions will make finding a parking space even more accessible and payment seamless.
Roadify Case study
Roadify is an excellent example of a city-wide transit application solution. It started in 2009 as a free app that helped New York City residents find parking spaces. The app has since expanded to cities nationwide and now provides real-time transit information about schedules, delays, accidents and more from crowd-sourced commentary about local transit conditions. Roadify is an excellent example of system integration.
Smart Parking is an IoT project. One report has identified that 77% of IoT projects will have some or significant impact on the current IT operating model.
To address this requirement, a thorough impact assessment should be conducted to identify where the current IT operating model will need to be changed to address the Smart Parking system.
The OACA (Open Alliance for Cloud Adoption) organization provides excellent tools for conducting this type of assessment. Their tools offer the ability to assess 31 domains of an IT operating model and evaluate the impact of the Smart Parking solution on the current system. Below is an overview of the Business and Technical domains that are included in their assessment:
“A new study released by Cisco at its Internet of Things World Forum 2017 (IoTWF) in London revealed that 60 percent of IoT initiatives stall at the proof of concept (PoC) stage. Only 26 percent of companies have had an IoT initiative that they considered a complete success, while a third of all completed projects were not considered a success.”
The primary reasons for these failures have to do with our last category of missed requirements, human factors. There must be active collaboration between IT and the business. Senior management support is critical, and a technical-focused culture is imperative. Organizations that are most successful recognize that they don’t have all the skills needed in-house and use partners at every phase. IoT initiatives often look good on paper but prove much more difficult than anyone expected to implement.
Parking integration is a critical requirement for all smart parking solutions, creating the foundation for a smart city initiative. The existing IT environment will be impacted. Like all IoT parking, Smart Parking solutions open the current IT environment to new security risks and service management challenges. New skills need to be developed in an IT organization. However, the opportunities that Parking Integration opens can dramatically change the livability of any city.
About the Author:
Bill is the Digital Strategist for FoxNet Solutions. Formerly the Cloud Chief Technologist for Hewlett-Packard Enterprise Canada, Bill has provided Hybrid IT and IoT Strategic Planning advisory and planning services to over fifty Private and Public sector clients to help them migrate to a Hybrid IT Cloud Operating model. These transformation plans have helped both government and industry reduce the cost of IT, re-engineer their IT governance models, and reduce the overall complexity of IT. Bill is also a member of the Open Alliance for Cloud Adoption Team and has co-authored several documents on Cloud Maturity and Hybrid IT implementation.